Early administration of epinephrine can likely reduce the multiple doses requirement for treatment of anaphylaxis during pediatric emergency department (ED) visits, a Canadian study suggests.
Epinephrine treatment prior to ED arrival can likely reduce the risk of administering multiple doses of epinephrine in ED among pediatric anaphylactic patients. Most of these patients did not receive early epinephrine treatment before ED arrival, the study noted.
Most of the anaphylactic events were triggered by consumption of peanuts, tree nuts and dairy products, and these incidences were higher from April 2011 to April 2015. The median age of the patients was 5.8 years and 50% of the patients had clinical history of asthma, food allergy and eczema.
Although, allergic events are common across the globe, the present study compared the events between North America and Europe. When compared to the European countries, the prevalence of allergies and anaphylactic events were higher in North American children.
The study results were published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.