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Folic Acid information from DrugsUpdate  

See Available Brands of Folic Acid in India

Folic acid (also known as vitamin B9 or folacin) and folate (the naturally occurring form), as well as pteroyl-L-glutamic acid and pteroyl-L-glutamate, are forms of the water-soluble vitamin B9. Folic acid is itself not biologically active with its biological importance being due to tetrahydrofolate and other derivatives after its conversion to dihydrofolic acid in the liver.

Vitamin B9 (folic acid and folate inclusive) is essential to numerous bodily functions ranging from nucleotide biosynthesis to the remethylation of homocysteine. The human body needs folate to synthesize DNA, repair DNA, and methylate DNA as well as to act as a cofactor in biological reactions involving folate. It is especially important during periods of rapid cell division and growth. Both children and adults require folic acid to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia. Folate and folic acid derive their names from the Latin word folium (which means "leaf"). Leafy vegetables are a principal source, although in Western diets fortified cereals and bread may be a larger dietary source.

A lack of dietary folic acid leads to folate deficiency (FD). This can result in many health problems, most notably neural tube defects in developing embryos. Low folate can also lead to homocysteine accumulation as a result of one carbon metabolism mechanism being impaired. DNA synthesis and repair are impaired and this could lead to cancer development. Supplementation in the general population may however lead to increased rates of cancer and all-cause mortality.

Pharmacodynamics

Pharmacokinetics

Information Not Available

Folic Acid Indications / Folic Acid Uses

Information Not Available

Folic Acid Adverse Reactions / Folic Acid Side Effects

Gi disturbances, hypersensitivity reactions; bronchospasm.

Precautions

Information Not Available

Special Precautions

Treatment resistance may occur in patients with depressed haematopoiesis, alcoholism deficinencies of other vitamins. Neonates.

Other Drug Interactions

Antiepileptics, oral contraceptives, anti- TB drugs, alcohol, aminopterin, methtrexate, pyrimethamine, trimethoprim & sulphonamides may result to decrease in serum folate contractions. Decreases serum phenytoin concentrations.

Other Interactions

Information Not Available

Dosage

Information Not Available

Food(before/after)

Information Not Available

List of Contraindications

Folic Acid and Pregnancy

Information Not Available

Folic Acid and Lactation

Information Not Available

Folic Acid and Children

Information Not Available

Folic Acid and Geriatic

Information Not Available

Folic Acid and Other Contraindications

Undiagnosed megaloblastic anaemia; pernicious, aplastic or normocytic anaemias.


 

Storage

Information Not Available

Lab interference

Information Not Available

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