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Potassium citrate information from DrugsUpdate  

See Available Brands of Potassium citrate in India

Potassium citrate is an alkalizer that is prescribed to alkalize the urine. Potassium citrate is commonly prescribed to prevent nephrolithiasis associated with gout and other similar problems. Potassium chloride can prevent and treat metabolic and renal acidosis.

Pharmacodynamics

No information available

Pharmacokinetics

No information available

Potassium citrate Indications / Potassium citrate Uses

No information available

Potassium citrate Adverse Reactions / Potassium citrate Side Effects

Potassium citrate can cause GI upset, nausea, confusion, tarry stools, muscle weakness, leg discomfort, arrhythmia, malena, numbness of the extremities, persistent vomiting or diarrhoea, abdominal pain, confusion, anxiety, polydipsia and myalgia.

Precautions

Potassium citrate is contraindicated in patients with Addison’s disease, recent history of MI, diabetic gastroparesis, dehydration, severe diarrhoea, heart failure, irritable bowel syndrome, burns, hypocalcemia and peptic ulcer.


Patients who are on salt-restriction diet should not take Potassium citrate.

Special Precautions

No information available

Other Drug Interactions

Potassium citrate may interact with ACE inhibitors, anti-cholinergics, anti-spasmodics, salicylates, aluminium salts, potassium-sparing diuretics, narcotic analgesics, lithium, quinidine, digoxin, eplerenone and other potassium supplements.

Other Interactions

No information available

Dosage


Start with an initial dose of 60 mEq/day in 2 or 3 divided doses after meals. The dosage can be titrated based on the clinical response. The maximum dosage should not exceed 100 mEq/kg/day.

For Renal Tubular Acidosis (Adults):
Start with an initial dose of 60 mEq/day in 2 or 3 divided doses after meals. The dosage can be titrated based on the clinical response. The maximum dosage should not exceed 100 mEq/kg/day.
 
For Nephrolithiasis (Pediatrics):

For children, 9.7 +/- 1.2 years, start with 2 mEq/kg/day in three divided doses. After two months of treatment, the dosage can be titrated up to 3 to 4 mEq/kg/day.

For Renal Tubular Acidosis (Pediatrics):
For children, 9.7 +/- 1.2 years, start with 2 mEq/kg/day in three divided doses. After two months of treatment, the dosage can be titrated up to 3 to 4 mEq/kg/day.

Food(before/after)

Should be taken after food intake

List of Contraindications

Potassium citrate and Pregnancy

USFDA pregnancy category C. May be or may not be harmful to an unborn baby. Consult a healthcare provider if you are in gestation or planning to have a baby during Potassium citrate treatment.

Potassium citrate and Lactation

Nursing mothers should consult a physician before taking Potassium citrate.

Potassium citrate and Children

No information available

Potassium citrate and Geriatic

No information available

Potassium citrate and Other Contraindications

No information available

Storage

Store at 20-25 C and away from light and moisture

Lab interference

Store at 20-25 C and away from light and moisture

Potassium citrate brands in India:

Lasertrate

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